Animism defended

In the rocks of Byblos there is a crusade castle in which Christians and Muslins have fought fiercely. Those who walk down to the path come across this solitary tree which grows by a marvelous blue-turquoise sea. And they stop, because are touched by the beauty of the scene.
We have learned from Descartes, the Christian thinkers and Kant that all is outside us has no soul. This idea has led us to the destruction of trees, animals, rivers, lakes and forests. We have thought of them only in terms of their instrumental and economic value. Conversely, most of the cultures of the past have believed that the soul is not only inside us but also outside us. For a native American or an ancient Egyptian, the value of a tree transcends its material boundaries. We need to give the soul back to the world.